Industrial compound feed production is down this year. This is the expectation of FEFAC, the association of European compound feed producers. Demand is expected to be 4 to 5 million tons lower. Last year, production in the EU remained largely stable.
The market outlook for 2022 is clouded by a variety of factors. For example, FEFAC members expect the EU pig and poultry sectors to curtail activity due to the high cost of feed raw materials, lower market demand and increasing avian influenza outbreaks in several countries. As a result, FEFAC member estimates are down - 4.2% for pig feed and - 3% for poultry feed. Cattle feed production is expected to decline by - 1.6%. Overall, the association expects industrial compound feed production to decline by an estimated - 2.9% or 4.3 million tons compared to 2021.
Due to the ongoing Russian aggression in Ukraine, market uncertainties are still very high, he said. The immediate loss of feed corn, sunflower meal and other feed materials from Ukraine and Russia could only be partially offset by increased feed imports, mainly from the U.S. and Canada. There would still be major logistical challenges in moving existing grain stocks from Ukraine, which will continue to affect market availability in the new marketing year.
Pig feed: feed production for pigs is down 1.5% in 2021 due to the critical pork situation in the EU. Producers had to contend with lower meat demand in key export markets, high feed grain costs, the impact of African swine fever (ASF) and significantly increased production in 2020. In particular, the countries most affected were Germany, France, Portugal, Spain, Austria, Slovenia and Hungary. The Netherlands and Belgium continued to reduce their pig herds in an effort to lower agricultural environmental emissions, FEFAC said.
Cattle feed: Cattle feed production increased slightly by 0.2% in 2021 compared to the previous year. This was due to a higher production increase in Ireland, Bulgaria and Austria of 6% as a result of a severe drought that affected grass growth, according to FEFAC. In Italy and the Czech Republic, on the other hand, dairy farmers opted to buy industrial compound feed instead of mixing their own feed in response to high raw material costs.